Is excessive sweating normal in a diabetic patient?

Is excessive sweating in diabetes patients normal?

Excessive sweating and diabetesExcessive sweating or sweating unnecessarily is a condition in which a person starts perspiring profusely without any reason. This can be a very annoying issue for some people as the sweating occurs only in some parts of the body like the palms or the feet or just the face. This condition is sometimes seen in the people who suffer from some kind of diabetes. Excessive sweating or spot sweating can also be one of the symptoms of diabetes and excessive sweating in diabetes patient should be diagnosed by a medical professional, if it continues for a longer time. Here is all you need to know about sweating in diabetes.

Sweating in Diabetes

A person suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes is most likely to feel sweaty and uncomfortable for long intervals of times. This is quite a common diabetes symptom, especially if the patient is taking some kind of oral insulin or insulin injections. However, there are a few people who do not experience sweating at all. It is not something to worry about if it occurs once in a while, but if excessive sweating persists for every second day, then consulting your doctor is very important. The excessive sweating in a diabetic patient is mainly caused due to the fall in the blood glucose level. This might happen usually due to the medicinal insulin prescribed to the patient, but taking too much of it can cause grave harm to the body.

Types of Sweating in Diabetes

Reverse DiabetesSweating, as mentioned before is not a major symptom of diabetes. However, it has been seen in some individuals that there is a tendency to sweat profusely, when the blood sugar levels go higher than normal. Here are a few different types of sweating that a diabetic patient might experience in his life:[3]

Gustatory Sweating– This kind of sweating happens to the individuals who have diabetic anatomic dysfunction. In general terms, Gustatory sweating is the sweat that is produced by the consumption of certain kinds of drinks or foods. It is basically caused due to damages to the nerves and parasympathetic nerve receptor. This leads to a disruption in the transportation of the signals within the body. In most cases, the sweating only happens in the facial areas and the scalp. In some people, the sweating is excessive and happens on both sides of the head simultaneously, and in others it is moderate.There are no other symptoms of Gustatory Sweating in diabetes, hence it usually goes unnoticed. [4] 

Hyperhidrosis– Hyperhidrosis is just the scientific term for excessive sweating. This is the kind of sweat that a person experiences without undergoing any physical activity. The basic cause of Hyperhidrosis is low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is the lowering of blood sugar levels due to an increase in the insulin levels. Unlike Gustatory Sweating, this affects not only the face but the whole body. Both sides of the body will suddenly start perspiring and causing irritation to the person. Although it is not a very serious problem and most people do not get it diagnosed, it is still important to note that there are methods available to treat it effectively.

Night Sweats– Night sweats are the most common types of sweats that can happen to a diabetic patient. There are nights when people wake up drenched in a pool of their own sweat. This is not a normal phenomenon and should not be taken lightly. This is also usually caused, due to a lowering of blood glucose level and by some insulins in the evening. Also, in case of diabetic people, exercising just before bed time can also lead to an excessive sweating during the night time.

Why Does Sweating Happen?

As it has already been mentioned above, the excessive sweating happens due to two main reasons:
Hypoglycemia – Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar level goes below the recommended or normal amount. The blood sugar levels of diabetic patients keep on fluctuating. The causes of Hypoglycemia may include excessive or higher dosage of the insulin, or other drugs that are used in the treatment of diabetes. Other hypoglycemia causes include not eating enough after taking the diabetes medicine, as the blood glucose levels get really low due to a lack of food in the system.

Nerve Damage – Nerve damage or Diabetic Neuropathy[5] is a very common disorder in the cases of people suffering from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It affects a huge chunk of the diabetic population, and happens to the people who have had the disease for a longer period of time. High glucose and fat levels are the biggest reasons for nerve damage in diabetic patients.

Is Excessive Sweating Normal?

Excessive sweating is normal only when it happens once or twice. However, if the excessive sweating continues for a longer period of time, it should be checked with a physician. Although it does not have any adverse effects on the body, it could affect a person’s social life. Sweating profusely can cause a person to not go out much, and also makes them reluctant to face other people. This might lead to anxiety and depression which is not good for a person’s mental health. Most people tend to not consult a physician, as they assume that there is no treatment for excessive sweating. However, there are a lot of treatments that can diagnose the actual cause of the issue, and treat this condition permanently. There are a lot of books that have been written to educate the people about diabetes and to help them heal naturally. 7 Steps To Health is one such book that has been curated by putting together the wisdom of various scientists, and it can help you to cure your diabetes and to also get rid of the excessive sweating easily.

Treatments for Excessive Sweating in Diabetes

There are a lot of treatments for excessive sweating, that can be opted for by a patient to help them get rid of this condition. Most of these are oral medications or injections. However, surgery can also be opted if the doctors approve its necessity in the case. The treatments are as follows:
Antidepressants in the case of people who are prone to excessive sweats due to anxiety and depression.

Doctors reverseType 2 diabetes in 3 weeksNerve blocking pills, for the people who have damaged nerves that leads to wrong signal transfers and excessive sweating.

Botox injections in the case of Gustatory sweating.

Some antiperspirants that can help reduce perspiration, but which does not completely stop it.

Some of the surgical treatments include:
Electrical currents are passed through the body, to normalize the functioning of the damaged nerves in order to stop the excessive sweating. However, this is not allowed in the case of pregnant women and patients that have pacemakers.

The removal of sweat glands is done in the cases of some people who have excessive sweating issues in their arm pit region. This is a safe surgery and anyone can undergo it. However, consulting the doctor is necessary.

When none of the above stated treatment for diabetes work, then nerve surgery is the last resort. However, undergoing a nerve surgery is very risky and should be done only under the guidance of an experienced surgeon.

What Should Be Done to Control Excessive Sweating?

There are a few things that a person can do, apart from the medications in order to stop excessive sweating and diabetes in general. They are:
Stay Clean– The very first thing to do in order to lessen the heavy sweating, is to take a daily bath and stay refreshed. Additionally, use products that have antiperspirants in them. There are many deodorants, talcum powders and even soap bars that are specially designed for this purpose.

Wear Clothes Smartly– Do not wear tight and unbreathable clothes during a very hot day. Wearing cotton or Lenin on the days there is a possibility you might sweat a lot, is also not advisable. Choosing the clothing, and the color of clothing according to the weather and the activity that you will be undertaking is very important. This will help you sweat a lot less than usual.

Socks is the Main Problem– The Feet and palms are the two areas that are mainly affected by diabetes caused sweating. So make sure to let your feet breath every once in a while. Wash and dry them often. Do not wear old socks or dirty socks as they might increase the chances of sweating even more.

Stay Aware– The basic reason of excessive sweating is diabetes. You need to find the appropriate treatment for diabetes, in order to treat the excessive sweating. Hence reading books like 7 Steps To Health is very important for any diabetic patient. The methods given in this book can help a person to conquer this disease, and enable them to finally lead a healthy and normal life again.

Exercise– Exercising for diabetes is one of the best ways to stay fit, and to also keep the blood glucose levels in check. Exercising for diabetes is one of the major steps towards a diabetes free life. Make sure to include different types of workouts in the daily routine. If there is not sufficient time, then include walking, stair climbing or standing up into your daily routine.

Diet Control– Diet control is another effective way to get rid of diabetes. Avoiding foods that are rich in sugar and fats is necessary. Obesity is one of the biggest cause of diabetes, and obese people are the ones who are most likely to experience excessive sweating in diabetes.

Other Symptoms of Diabetes

A person suffering from Diabetes would have experienced a lot of symptoms throughout his/her life. These symptoms can all occur in one individual, or they might not. In the beginning, there are not many visible symptoms of diabetes but the ones they show are as follows:[2]
Frequent Urination– Frequent urination is a very early sign of diabetes. If a person finds himself using the toilet for more than 5 to 7 times a day, this can be a symptom of diabetes. Since the low insulin level in the body is unable to process the glucose in your system, the kidneys are not able to reabsorb the glucose and hence makes more urine.

Excessive Hunger– Suddenly feeling hungrier than usual is another major sign of diabetes. This is because insulin is required to get the glucose into the cells and form energy. But the low insulin level does not let this happen, and the body has no energy. So the patient feels hungry all the time.

Feeling Tired Easily– The above facts are also the reason the patient feels unnecessarily tired. Since the body has no energy, fatigue kicks in.

Itchy Skin– Itchy skin is another diabetes symptom that is followed by frequent urination. Since there is a loss of moisture, the body becomes dry and itchy.

Feeling Thirsty– Since the body has lost all of its fluids, it requires water to keep itself hydrated and hence, feels thirstier than usual.

Inability to See– The changes in the body caused by the low insulin levels, can lead to a swelling of the eye lenses. Hence the patient is more prone to blurred vision and diminished focus.

Numbness of The Lower Body– Numbness and a tingling sensation in the lower part of the body, including the legs and feet is another symptom of diabetes.

Weight loss– Unnecessary weight loss is also another diabetes symptom. The body does not receive sufficient energy from glucose in a diabetic body. To compensate that, it starts burning the muscles and fats instead.

Wounds Take Longer to Heal – This is a symptom that is experienced during the later stages of diabetes, but is still very common. The wounds take way longer to heal in case of a patient suffering from diabetes, because of the nerve damage and low blood flow.

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that affect people all over the world. Also known as Diabetes Mellitus, this is a medical condition in which a person develops a high blood sugar due to various reasons. The spike in the blood sugar level could be because of the inefficiency of the body to produce sufficient insulin, or no insulin at all. There are two types of Diabetes Mellitus, type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The type 1 diabetes affects only 10% of the people for whom the body fails to produce any kind of insulin, and in type 2 diabetes the body produces insulin but it is not enough to carry out normal body functions. [1] However, type 2 diabetes is the most common kind of diabetes.  Struggling from diabetes can be really tough and treating it can be even harder. However it is important to keep in mind that eating healthy and taking appropriate dosage of the insulin can greatly reduce the sweating and make your life a lot better.

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Is excessive sweating in diabetes patients normal?
Article Name
Is excessive sweating in diabetes patients normal?
Excessive sweating in diabetes is a side effect, and can cause some problem. Here is all you need to know about diabetes, sweating and how to combat them.

Live Sweat Free is a blog for people suffering from hyperhydrosis. Through this blog, we talk on understanding hyperhydrosis, controlling excessive sweating and solutions available.

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